On 16th March the Spanish Parliament rejected the controversial Real Decreto-Ley presented by the government to liberalise port labour. This decision follows the infringement procedure opened by the European Commission and the consequential European Court of Justice’s judgement which ruled that the system currently in place is in breach of article 49 of the TFEU (Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union) on freedom of establishment. “From the beginning of the dispute the Spanish unions have pleaded a negotiated reform, but the government arrogantly decided not to go for dialogue,” commented European Transport Workers’ Federation (ETF) Dockers’ Chair Terje Samuelsen. “We praise the remarkable political work done by the Spanish unions as well as the support expressed by the labour movement worldwide”. “By marking the first defeat of this conservative government, dockers have confirmed their position at the forefront of the struggle for fair transport and for a more social Europe,” ETF Secretary General Eduardo Chagas declared after the vote. “Their struggle is inspiring for all fellow transport workers in Europe. We are very proud of them! Hopefully this is the last attempt of the Spanish government to plan unilateral and dogmatic reforms of port labour.” In their recently issued joint statement the Spanish social partners have requested the government to engage in tripartite negotiations. However, the government has not yet responded to this request which makes it unclear what strategy the government will pursue.